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Essay About Turkey Tourism Map

Istanbul is one of my favorite cities in the world. Its unique east-meets-west culture is fascinating and its food is hauntingly delicious. But beyond the things that make Istanbul stand out are the everyday things that make it such a pleasant place to be. The streets are picturesque and walkable. The trees all seem old enough to tell stories. The weather is generally mild. And the windy air above the Bosphorous Strait makes the city feel like my hometown, San Francisco. I’ve only found a few places in the world that I’ve connected with so easily, and Istanbul is definitely one of them. I love this city.

Here, I’ve put together a list of some of my favorite places in Istanbul. Some are big sites that are still amazing regardless of how many times you’ve seen them. Some are small cafes and shops that I would return to in an instant on my next trip. (A quick note that my recommendations are all in Beyoglu and Sultanahmet. Kadikoy is next on my list for my next trip to Turkey. And visiting the Princes Islands is a whole other post.)

My list starts off in one of Istanbul’s most important and well known landmarks. A place that in many ways is symbolic of the changes that Istanbul has gone through over the last few centuries and embodies the artistry and beauty of Turkey.

AYA SOFYA

Aya Sofya, or Hagia Sofia, is one of the most important landmarks in Istanbul. It’s purpose has changed over the centuries like a chameleon – it was once a cathedral, then it was mosque, and now it is a museum. But despite it’s identity changes, it has always had the same silhouette upon the Istanbul skyline – piercing minarets that tower over Istanbul’s other mosques. Also, the chandeliers here are romantic and elegant – definitely one of my favorite things in the whole city.

Tip: go here first thing in the morning when the light is soft for photography and the line to get in is still short.

Read This: Beautiful Aya Sofya

THE BLUE MOSQUE

This mosque is pure art. The perfectly balanced architecture on the outside and  the somber artistry on the inside are unrivaled.  Just a note – the mosque does close to visitors during prayer times, so be careful when you plan your visit.

Read This: Notable Photos: The Blue Mosque

 KARADENIZ

There are a lot of different styles of kebabs (or kebap) to try in Turkey. Some are on a stick, some are swaddled in dough, some are baked in clay. But my favorite one is far messier than those – iskender kebap. This dish takes pieces of juicy meat and airy bread and bathes them in tomato butter sauce along with yogurt and peppers. Oh yeah. My favorite place to grab this dish is the pide and kebap restaurant called Karadeniz. It’s right near the Blue Mosque and looks like nothing too fancy from the outside. But what’s made inside – including the boat-shaped and pizza-like dish pide as well as the iskender – is delicious.

TÜRK OCAĞI

Just a short walk from Karadeniz is the nargile/hookah cafe Turk Ocagi. The cafe itself is hidden from the street behind the walls and pathways of an old cemetery, but I promise you’d never know that you are in a cemetary. It’s like a little indoor-outdoor oasis away from the tourists in the middle of the tourist center. There are heated patios and wifi as well as a selection of tea, coffee, juices, and flavored tobacco. Note that they do not sell alcohol or food.

Here’s the yelp page: Turk Ocagi

 GRAND BAZAAR | DHOKU

Shopping was one of my favorite things to do in Istanbul for a few reasons. First of all, trading and bargaining for goods is a big part of the cultural history of this city. After all, Istanbul (once Constantinople) was a stop on the legendary Silk Road. Secondly, it is a perfect way to get to know the crafts and art styles of a destination. Turkey has such unique and interesting style, even just looking at all of the shiny and delicate items for sale is an experience. Lastly, there are so many beautiful things and I wanted to bring a little piece of Istanbul home with me.

Enter Dhoku. For my personal subtle/eclectic/earth-toney style, Dhoku’s modern styled carpets were perfect. They are handmade with local organic wool in the traditional style but use understated graphic and patchwork designs. Also, they are sold by the square meter so bargaining is not necessary here. A lot less work than a regular bargain-style carpet shop.

Read This: Carpet Shopping in Istanbul

FISH, FERRIES, AND PHOTOS AT THE GALATA BRIDGE

The Galata Bridge area, to me, embodies the best of Istanbul’s energy. Between the Spice Market, the New Mosque, the fish restaurants, the bridge that leads to Beyoglu, and the ferry docks, there is a lot going on. And with all of this, there are still little corners where you can sit down and enjoy a coffee or tea or a kebab. Or a bench with a view where you can enjoy a simit.

Riding the Bosphorous ferry, which leaves from the ferry dock, was one of my favorite ways to see the city. I highly recommend it – especially if you are only in town for a few days.

HARS

In addition to finding myself a rug, I wanted to bring home a few gifts for family. I was on a hunt for super soft Turkish towels for my mom to use in her newly renovated home.

Hars, a shop I found on the quieter side of the Galata tower, was the ideal place to grab them. Their shelves look like rainbows because they have so many colorful options and sizes. After the fun of purchasing several for my mother, I was convinced I needed a few myself. I do not regret that choice.

 ISTIKLAL CADDESI

The Istiklal Caddesi is a street in Beyoglu only open to pedestrians and to an old New Orleans-esque street car that leads from Taksim Square nearly all the way down to the Galata Tower. This is the where you go if you want to stay out all night, listen to music, be seen, and have some drinks. It’s also where you go during the daytime to shop at modern/western stores and have a tea. We spent a fair amount of time around here at all hours of the day and it was extremely rare to find it empty or quiet. Especially in the middle of the night when the crowds are the largest. People spill out of bars and clubs well past 4am. I’m not big on the club scene, but I was happy to find one that suited my rather picky and slightly underground music tastes. (Indigo, listed as the #3 best club in Istanbul by The Guardian)

Just a note that while there are hotels right on the this street, I would be hesitant to stay there due to noise. We chose a tiny guesthouse, Eastwest Hostel, about 100 yards down a small side street and had no noise issues.

Bookstore meets cafe right on Istiklal Caddesi

Geometric DJ lights at Indigo, right off the main strip.

THE BOSPHOROUS

Last but DEFINITELY not least, being on the water looking back at the city is hands down the BEST place to be at sunset. Sure, the views over the Galata bridge are stunning, and sure, looking up on Aya Sofya during the warmth of golden hour is nice. But being on a boat watching the Istanbul skyline in silhouette against an orange sky was my absolute favorite moment in this city. I wouldn’t have missed it for the world.

I hope to find more gems to share with you on my next trip to Istanbul.


In the meantime, tell me: where are your favorite places in Istanbul?


cityeuropefavorite placesistanbulmiddle easttourturkey

HISTORY

Turkey is home to one of the earliest settlements in the world. Built 8,800 years ago, Catal Hoyuk was a labyrinth of 150 mud homes joined together. There were no streets in between, so people had to enter the homes through holes in the roof!

 

About 4,000 years ago, the Hittites created an empire in the central part of what is now called Turkey in Anatolia. They ruled for hundreds of years. The Trojan War took place when the Hittites were losing power. The ruins of the city of Troy are believed to be in the city of Hissarlik in Anatolia.

 

King Midas ruled western Turkey around 700 B.C. In 334 B.C., Alexander the Great took Anatolia under Macedonian Greek rule until Rome took over and Anatolia became part of Roman Asia Minor. In A.D. 330, Constantine became the Roman emperor and formed a new capital called Constantinople. After the fall of the Roman Empire it became part of the Byzantine Empire.

 

The city of Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans in 1453 and Turkey became part of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, the country was invaded by Greece, which led to the Turkish war of Independence in 1920, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In 1923, the Turkish assembly declared Turkey a republic.

 

The city formally became Istanbul in 1923. Turkey became a secular country, meaning there is a separation between religion and government. Women gained the right to vote in 1934.

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